Orthodontics also known as orthodontic cases or dental braces, these are used in orthodontics to align and straighten teeth. Braces are often used to correct under bites, including malocclusions, open bites, crooked teeth, deep bites, overbites, cross bites, and various other flaws of the teeth and jaw. These can be either cosmetic or structural and are used in combination with other orthodontic appliances to help widen the palate or jaws and assists in shaping the teeth and jaws.
Braces put pressure on the teeth and align the teeth properly. Brackets, bonding material, arch wire and ligature elastic are the four elements that are used to move teeth when the arch wire outs pressure in the brackets and teeth. In few cases, springs or rubber bands are used to put more force in specific places.
Braces loosen the tooth after which new bone grows to support the tooth in a new position. This process is called bone remodeling, which makes bones stronger. Bones are made of cells called osteoclasts and osteoblasts.
When braces put pressure on teeth, the periodontal membrane stretches on one side and gets compressed on the other side. This should be done slowly otherwise patients will lose their teeth. That’s the reason why braces are worn for a year and adjustments are made after a few weeks.
Types of braces
Braces are categorized into various types such as Traditional metal wired, Clear, Gold-plated stainless steel, Lingual, Titanium, and Multi-Loop Edgewise Archwire.
Complications & risk factors
Patients may experience some pain while fitting and activating the fixed orthodontic braces. Plaque can be formed easily when food is left around the places. It is quite important to maintain proper oral hygiene by brushing when wearing braces to prevent any damage, decalcification and yellowish teeth. Mouthwash should be used on regular basis. Allergies might develop due to the elastics or the metal used in braces.
Hope you got enough information about Braces. If you are thinking to have braces on your teeth, contact our dentists to know the complete information about the treatment.